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The Hadith Book  from

80 hadith found in 'Tribute, Spoils, and Rulership (Kitab Al-Kharaj, Wal-Fai Wal-Imarah)' of Sunan Abu-Dawud.
 2926 

 Narrated Aisha, Ummul Mu'minin: The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) said: When Allah has a good purpose for a ruler, He appoints for him a sincere minister who reminds him if he forgets and helps him if he remembers; but when Allah has a different purpose from that for him. He appoints for him an evil minister who does not remind him if he forgets and does not help him if he remembers.  

 2927 

 Narrated Al-Miqdam ibn Ma'dikarib: The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) struck him on his shoulders and then said: You will attain success, Qudaym, if you die without having been a ruler, a secretary, or a chief.  

 2928 

 Narrated Ghalib al-Qattan: Ghalib quoted a man who stated on the authority of his father that his grandfather reported: They lived at one of the springs. When Islam reached them, the master of the spring offered his people one hundred camels if they embraced Islam. So they embraced Islam, and he distributed the camels among them. But it occurred to him that he should take the camels back from them. He sent his son to the Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) and said to him: Go to the Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) and tell him: My father extends his greetings to you. He asked his people to give them one hundred camels if they embraced Islam, and they embraced Islam. He divided the camels among them. But it occurred to him then that he should withdraw his camels from them. Is he more entitled to them or we? If he says: Yes or no, then tell him: My father is an old man, and he is the chief of the people living at the water. He has requested you to make me chief after him. He came to him and said: My father has extended his greetings to you. He replied: On you and you father be peace. He said: My father asked his people to give them one hundred camels if they embraced Islam. So they embraced Islam, and their belief in Islam is good. Then it occurred to him that he should take his camels back from them. Is he more entitled to them or are they? He said: If he likes to give them the camels, he may give them; and if he likes to take them back, he is more entitled to them than his people. If they embraced Islam, then for them is their Islam. If they do not embrace Islam, they will be fought against in the cause of Islam. He said: My father is an old man; he is the chief of the people living at the spring. He has asked you to appoint me chief after him. He replied: The office of a chief is necessary, for people must have chiefs, but the chiefs will go to Hell.  

 2930 

 Narrated Rafi' ibn Khadij: I heard the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) say: The official who collects sadaqah (zakat) in a just manner is like him who fights in Allah's path till he returns home.  

 2931 

 Narrated Uqbah ibn Amir: I heard the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) as saying: One who wrongfully takes an extra tax (sahib maks) will not enter Paradise.  

 2939 

 Narrated Al-Mustawrid ibn Shaddad: Al-Mustawrid heard the Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) say: He who acts as an employee for us must get a wife; if he has not a servant, he must get one, and if he has not a dwelling, he must get one. He said that AbuBakr reported: I was told that the Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) said: He who takes anything else he is unfaithful or thief.  

 2941 

 Narrated AbuMas'ud al-Ansari: The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) appointed me to collect sadaqah and then said: Go, AbuMas'ud, I should not find you on the Day of Judgment carrying a camel of sadaqah on your back, which rumbles, the one you have taken by unfaithful dealing in sadaqah. He said: If it is so, I will not go. He said: Then I do not force you.  

 2942 

 Narrated AbuMaryam al-Azdi: When I entered upon Mu'awiyah, he said: How good your visit is to us, O father of so-and-so. (This is an idiom used by the Arabs on such occasions). I said: I tell you a tradition which I heard (from the Prophet). I heard the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) say: If Allah puts anyone in the position of authority over the affairs of the Muslims, and he secludes himself (from them), not fulfilling their needs, wants, and poverty, Allah will keep Himself away from him, not fulfilling his need, want and poverty. He said: He (Mu'awiyah) appointed a man to fulfil the needs of the people.  

 2943 

 Narrated AbuHurayrah: The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) said: It is not on my own that I give you or withhold from you: I am just a treasure, putting it where I have been commanded.  

 2944 

 Narrated Umar ibn al-Khattab: Malik ibn Aws ibn al-Hadthan said: One day Umar ibn al-Khattab mentioned the spoils of war and said: I am not more entitled to this spoil of war than you; and none of us is more entitled to it than another, except that we occupy our positions fixed by the Book of Allah, Who is Great and Glorious, and the division made by the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him), people being arranged according to their precedence in accepting Islam, the hardship they have endured their having children and their need.  

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